Xylitol Chewing Gum and Caries Rates

Dental caries is a pandemic infectious disease which can affect the quality of life and consumes considerable health care resources. The chewing of xylitol, sorbitol, and even sugar gum has been suggested to reduce caries ratesThe four xylitol gums were most effective in reducing caries ratesThe results suggest that systematic usage of polyol-based chewing gums reduces caries rates in young subjects, with xylitol gums being more effective than sorbitol gums. 

Mäkinen, K. K., Bennett, C. A., Hujoel, P. P., Isokangas, P. J., Isotupa, K. P., Pape, H. R., & Mäkinen, P. L. (1995). Xylitol chewing gums and caries rates: a 40-month cohort study. Journal of Dental Research, 74(12), 1904–1913.