Researchers wanted to see how xylitol and erythritol affected oral health both individually and synergistically. They concluded, “Both erythritol and xylitol as well as their combinations inhibit the growth of clinical strains of mutans streptococci and S. wiggsiae, newly recognized cariogenic bacterium. Biofilm formation of mutans streptococci is also strongly inhibited.”
Kõljalg, S., Smidt, I., Chakrabarti, A., Bosscher, D., & Mändar, R. (2020). Exploration of singular and synergistic effect of xylitol and erythritol on causative agents of dental caries. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 6297.